Electrophiles vs Nucleophiles

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Electrophiles vs Nucleophiles

Postby jonathantse3e » Sat Mar 12, 2016 1:11 am

How do you tell the difference between and Electrophile and Nucleophile by just looking at it especially if there's no given charge?

Sandeep Gurram 2E
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Joined: Fri Sep 25, 2015 3:00 am

Re: Electrophiles vs Nucleophiles

Postby Sandeep Gurram 2E » Sat Mar 12, 2016 1:25 am

An electrophile is a species that wants to gain an electron. Usually this results in a polar bond between two elements. For example, HBr would be an electrophile as the Bromine in this compound pulls on the shared electrons, causing a positive charge around H and a negative charge around Br.

A nucleophile wants to lose electrons, these are usually species that have lone pairs or double/triple bonds.

Hope that helped.

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