Why is F electrophile?

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Chem_Mod
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Why is F electrophile?

Postby Chem_Mod » Mon Oct 03, 2011 1:12 am

Could you explain why F can be considered an electrophile?

Chem_Mod
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Re: Why is F electrophile?

Postby Chem_Mod » Mon Oct 03, 2011 1:13 am

Because the F atom is a radical - it has an unpaired electron (F has 7 valence electrons), so it is electron deficient, therefore an electrophile.

Isa AbdulCader 3K
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Re: Why is F electrophile?

Postby Isa AbdulCader 3K » Mon Feb 22, 2016 8:44 am

F with 7 electrons has a net neutral charge, but it wants to complete its valence orbital with one more electron. The attraction of this electron makes it an electrophile. Once it has 8 electrons and a net negative charge of one, it is no longer an electrophile.

Christopher Lew 1L
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Re: Why is F electrophile?

Postby Christopher Lew 1L » Mon Mar 07, 2016 9:33 am

Electrophile is something that is electron deficient. For F it has 7 valence electron and an unfilled p orbital. It wants to find something that is electron rich or nucleophilic to satisfy an octet

DrewGomberg_1D
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Re: Why is F electrophile?

Postby DrewGomberg_1D » Sat Mar 12, 2016 2:45 pm

F is a halogen which have high electronegativity and want to gain a single electron to complete a full octet of valence electrons. However, in some reactions involving diatomic halogens F (and other halogens) can act as an electrophile and nucleophile (in this case it'd be two different F atoms.

DrewGomberg_1D
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Joined: Fri Sep 26, 2014 2:02 pm

Re: Why is F electrophile?

Postby DrewGomberg_1D » Sat Mar 12, 2016 3:30 pm

F is a halogen which have high electronegativity and want to gain a single electron to complete a full octet of valence electrons. However, in some reactions involving diatomic halogens F (and other halogens) can act as an electrophile and nucleophile (in this case it'd be two different F atoms.


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