## Finding the lowest energy structure

$FC=V-(L+\frac{S}{2})$

Samantha Man 1L
Posts: 63
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:22 am

### Finding the lowest energy structure

When you are trying to identify the structure of lower energy between two lewis structures, do you always have to test each atom's formal charge to know which compound to pick?

inlovewithchemistry
Posts: 104
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:19 am

### Re: Finding the lowest energy structure

I think that this is the most efficient way and only way to be completely sure of stability.

Nicoline Breytenbach 3D
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:26 am
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### Re: Finding the lowest energy structure

Calculating and comparing formal charges is the best way to determine the most stable structure!

Max Kwon 1J
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:18 am
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### Re: Finding the lowest energy structure

You have to test it because some lewis structures are more stable than others and the formal charge shows this stability in number terms. There are also resonance structures, but they are all the same in terms of formal charge and stability.

505095793
Posts: 61
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:25 am

### Re: Finding the lowest energy structure

The formal charge gives an indication of the extent to which atoms have gained or lost electrons in the process of covalent bond formation. Atom arrangements and Lewis structures with the lowest formal charges are likely to have the lowest energy.

Jordan Y4D
Posts: 25
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:27 am

### Re: Finding the lowest energy structure

Elements are the most stable when their FC is 0. You want the atoms with the highest electronegativity to have the lowest formal charge possible. Once you reach that, you want the overall FC to be as close to zero as well. This give you the lowest energy structure of a substance.

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