## Bond Angles

$sp, sp^{2}, sp^{3}, dsp^{3}, d^{2}sp^{3}$

taiyeojeikere-3C
Posts: 30
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:26 am

### Bond Angles

Can you only determine bond angles by drawing the molecular shape of that molecule?

Andie Jian 1D
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### Re: Bond Angles

I'm not completely sure, but I do think you would need to know the VSEPR shape in order to figure out the bond angles, because that takes into account the electron repulsions that create those angles.

Kevin ODonnell 2B
Posts: 62
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:24 am

### Re: Bond Angles

Something to keep in mind as well is when lone pairs are involved it changes the bond angle from the expected amount. For example NH3 has bond angles of 107 degrees instead of the expected 109.5 degrees. There is no way to know this since it needs to be tested in the lab since it's unique to each molecule so we represent the cases with lone pairs as saying that the bond angle is less than 109.5 degrees.

Jennifer Lathrop 1F
Posts: 71
Joined: Sat Dec 02, 2017 3:00 am

### Re: Bond Angles

is there a set degree that a lone pair shifts the surrounding bonds around it? Or does this just come from experiments?

Manas Jinka
Posts: 32
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:26 am

### Re: Bond Angles

It's important to know that more electron electron repulsions lead to reduced bond angles.

Jaqueline Monreal 2L
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:28 am

### Re: Bond Angles

im not sure but i think its the most effective and reliable way to figure it out, maybe you can use the VSEPR formula to figure it out

Daniel Chang 3I
Posts: 33
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:23 am

### Re: Bond Angles

Drawing out the shape of the molecule helps to see where each bond is located and therefore where each bond angle would be. It would be a lot harder to determine bond angles without actually drawing out the shape through VSEPR

Tony Chung 2I
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:19 am

### Re: Bond Angles

Drawing the structure is highly recommended when determining the bond angle.

905096106
Posts: 30
Joined: Fri Oct 05, 2018 12:17 am

### Re: Bond Angles

Drawing out the shape or simply determining the shape through visualization is the best way to determine the shape.

Sheridan Slaterbeck 1J
Posts: 62
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:27 am

### Re: Bond Angles

If you know the VSEPR model , you should be able to remember the bond angle associated with it like 120, or 109.5, or 90 degrees. Then figure out how the lone pairs push on the bonding pairs and affect the angles ( I find this is easiest by drawing it).

404536963
Posts: 29
Joined: Fri Feb 02, 2018 3:02 am

### Re: Bond Angles

I assume that for the next exam/final, we will only be asked to determine the bond angles when also asked to draw the Lewis Structure for partial points. So, you'd draw the dot structure then determine the VSEPR shape and corresponding bond angles. Finding the dot structure is really important because it tells you the written shape of the molecule/ which atoms are connected + lone pairs, so I would suggest practicing that so it makes the process faster.

marg44
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### Re: Bond Angles

I'm not sure if it's the only way but it is the only way Lavelle has taught us in class.

405098546
Posts: 32
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:24 am

### Re: Bond Angles

Drawing Lewis structures is very helpful, because it helps you avoid making careless mistakes.