Net Dipole

(Polar molecules, Non-polar molecules, etc.)

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juliefilice 4A
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Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:27 am

Net Dipole

Postby juliefilice 4A » Thu Dec 06, 2018 12:05 am

How does ClF3 have a dipole moment? Does it have to do with the lone pairs on the Cl molecule?

Henry Krasner 1C
Posts: 64
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:15 am

Re: Net Dipole

Postby Henry Krasner 1C » Thu Dec 06, 2018 12:09 am

F is more electronegative than Cl, therefore, there will be a net dipole towards the F.

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Re: Net Dipole

Postby Nicolette_Canlian_2L » Thu Dec 06, 2018 12:16 am

When determining dipole moments, consider the electronegativity of the atoms in the molecule and check for any lone pairs on the central atom.

Raymond Ko 1H
Posts: 29
Joined: Fri Sep 28, 2018 12:19 am

Re: Net Dipole

Postby Raymond Ko 1H » Thu Dec 06, 2018 12:32 am

Yes, you are right about the lone pairs creating a dipole moment in the molecule. If there were no lone pairs (this would not be possible due to the number of electrons in the molecule), the dipoles would cancel each other out, and there would be no net dipole moment. However, the electron lone pairs on the Cl atom distort the structure, creating a net dipole moment towards the F.

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