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Q is different from Kc because Kc indicates the ratio of products to reactants at equilibrium while Q indicates the ratio of products to reactants at any time during the reaction (such as when it has not yet reached equilibrium) we can then use Q to figure out which direction a reaction is sitting toward by comparing it to the reaction's Kc value.
As said above, Q has the same formula as Kc but can be calculated at anytime, not just when a reaction is at equilibrium. To explain the comparison a little more, when Q < Kc, a forward reaction will be favored. This is because Q is calculated as [products] / [reactants]. If Q is smaller than Kc, we need to increase the concentration of products in order to bring it up to match Kc (equilibrium). If Q > Kc, the opposite will be true. If Q = Kc, then the reaction has already reached equilibrium.
Q is the same equation as K, but Q is calculated at anytime during the reaction and compared to K. If K and Q match then the system is at equilibrium. If Q<K it moves towards the products, if Q>K it moves towards the reactants.
Q and K are both calculated in the same way. However, they are different in that Q can be calculated at any time during the reaction, while K is the value only at equilibrium. Therefore you can use Q in comparison to K to determine which way a reaction is "shifted" towards. If Q is less than K, the reactions lies to the right, or favors the products.
Q is the reaction quotient. K is the equilibrium constant. Q can be calculated at anytime during the reaction, while k is only at equilibrium. If Q<K, then the reaction shifts right to reach equilibrium. If Q>K, then the reaction shifts left to reach equilibrium.
Q and K are calculated the same way (products/reactants), but Q can be measured at any point of the reaction and K is only measured at equilibrium. If Q < K then the forward reaction is favored. If Q > K then the reverse reaction is favored.
Q and Kc are both constants used to look at a reaction. Q deals with the the reaction not at equilibrium and it can tell what direction the reaction will proceed as it moves toward equilibrium. When Q>K, reaction favors reverse. When Q<K, reactions favors forward. Kc is the equilibrium constant and this value tells you the ratio between products to reactants.
If you later find that you're wondering about the difference between Q and Kp (pressure, rather than Kc, which is concentration), then you can just come back here because it's pretty much similar, I think.
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