Atomic Spectra for H

H-Atom ()

Moderators: Chem_Mod, Chem_Admin

KarineKim2L
Posts: 100
Joined: Fri Aug 30, 2019 12:16 am

Atomic Spectra for H

Postby KarineKim2L » Sun Oct 13, 2019 1:24 pm

In lecture, Dr. Lavelle said that a certain equation only works for H since that was the element used for the experiment. Which equation was that, and when he said that certain energy level jumps were certain groups of spectral lines, does that only apply when the element is H?

Anish Patel 4B
Posts: 59
Joined: Thu Jul 11, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Atomic Spectra for H

Postby Anish Patel 4B » Sun Oct 13, 2019 1:29 pm

The equation is:
En = -hR/n^2
where n is the energy level of the electron and r is rydberg's constant (3.29*10^15 Hz)
The different series (balmer,lyman, etc) are used to describe the lines of emissions of the electrons of the Hydrogen atom but we have not discussed whether they can be used for other elements as well.

Michelle Shin 4B
Posts: 50
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Atomic Spectra for H

Postby Michelle Shin 4B » Sun Oct 13, 2019 1:30 pm

The equation is En=-hR/n^2. This applies only to atoms with one electron (hydrogen) because if there were more, then they would repel each other.

Daria Azizad 1K
Posts: 116
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Atomic Spectra for H

Postby Daria Azizad 1K » Sun Oct 13, 2019 1:32 pm

I believe the eqn was En=-hR/n^2 because it is based on experimental data for the H atom. Other atoms have more energy levels, so you would need a more sophisticated model for multi-electron systems. Every element has it's own set of spectral lines because only specific frequencies can be absorbed or emitted by that particular element.

Frederick Keith_4C
Posts: 65
Joined: Thu Sep 26, 2019 12:19 am

Re: Atomic Spectra for H

Postby Frederick Keith_4C » Sun Oct 13, 2019 1:36 pm

The equation is E=-hR/n^2
h is Planck's constant (6.62607004 × 10-34 m2 kg / s)
R is Rydberg's constant (10 973 731.6 m-1)
n is the energy level
You use this equation when you're trying to find the energy of whatever n energy level. So for example if an electron transitioned from n=4 to n=2, we would have something like:
E(final)= -hR/4^2 - E(initial)= =hR/2^2

Camellia Liu 1J
Posts: 51
Joined: Sat Aug 24, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Atomic Spectra for H

Postby Camellia Liu 1J » Sun Oct 13, 2019 1:39 pm

I believe the equation is this one: En= -hR/n2, which you can use when you are trying to find the energy of the transitions between certain n levels. The Lyman (n=1), Balmer (n=2), Paschen (n=3), Brackett (n=4), and Pfund series (n=5) describes the spectrum of hydrogen.


Return to “Bohr Frequency Condition, H-Atom , Atomic Spectroscopy”

Who is online

Users browsing this forum: EmilyC_2C, Megan Singer 1F and 0 guests