Difference Between Ground and Excited States

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Cynthia Gong 1L
Posts: 51
Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:15 am

Difference Between Ground and Excited States

Postby Cynthia Gong 1L » Wed Oct 16, 2019 3:47 pm

Can someone summarize how to tell whether an atom is in the ground state or excited state?

Lizette Noriega 1H
Posts: 105
Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Difference Between Ground and Excited States

Postby Lizette Noriega 1H » Wed Oct 16, 2019 4:21 pm

An electron is at its excited state whenever its energy level is higher than its corresponding ground state. During ground state, its electron configuration is at default whereas, during the excited state, it will jump into a high orbital

Qiu Ya Wu 4I
Posts: 107
Joined: Fri Sep 20, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Difference Between Ground and Excited States

Postby Qiu Ya Wu 4I » Wed Oct 16, 2019 4:32 pm

The ground state can also be described as the lowest possible energy level that the atom can occupy and can be represented in a hydrogen atom when n=1 as -hR.

WesleyWu_1C
Posts: 117
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Difference Between Ground and Excited States

Postby WesleyWu_1C » Wed Oct 16, 2019 4:36 pm

By using the periodic table we can determine the electron configuration for the ground state for any atom of any element. So just compare this electron configuration to the electron configuration of the same atom to see if the atom is in its ground state.


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