## Electron spin

Johnathan Smith 1D
Posts: 108
Joined: Wed Sep 11, 2019 12:16 am

### Electron spin

How do you determine which way an electron spins?

Ashley Kao 1H
Posts: 50
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:16 am

### Re: Electron spin

When filling orbitals with electrons, according to the Aufbau Principle, you always use spin-up orbitals to fill each orbital. Once each orbital has at least one spin-up orbital, you add the spin-down orbitals to complete the paired electrons. This will end with opposite spin if the orbital is complete. If the orbitals are not complete and there is no need for adding spin-down electrons, the remaining spin-up electrons can be classified as parallel.

Kayli Choy 2F
Posts: 100
Joined: Sat Aug 24, 2019 12:17 am

### Re: Electron spin

Furthermore, spin up electrons are typically denoted with a spin magnetic quantum number (ms) of +1/2, and spin down electrons are -1/2.

105311039
Posts: 107
Joined: Fri Aug 02, 2019 12:16 am

### Re: Electron spin

The electron spin is all determined by the quantum number Ms. There are two possible values for Ms which are 1/2 and -1/2. If Ms=1/2 then the electron is spinning upward, however if the Ms value is -1/2 the electron is spinning downward.

Ruby Richter 2L
Posts: 103
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:17 am

### Re: Electron spin

What is the significance of the direction in which an electron spins?

BeylemZ-1B
Posts: 95
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:17 am

### Re: Electron spin

Ruby Richter 4G wrote:What is the significance of the direction in which an electron spins?

the directions an electron spins is merely for the purpose of qualitatively analyzing. the "spin up" and "spin down" don't literally mean the electrons are spinning in a clockwise or counterclockwise direction, but they stand for the fact that electrons that are paired will have opposing spins.

it will actually be impossible for us to see the exact direction of the spin at any single moment.

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