Atomic Radius

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Atomic Radius

Postby xenamclean_1G » Mon Oct 21, 2019 6:59 pm

What is the difference between the atomic, covalent and ionic radii? I know they show the same trends, but what is the difference between them?

kim 2I
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Re: Atomic Radius

Postby kim 2I » Mon Oct 21, 2019 7:44 pm

An atomic radius is defined as half the distance between the centers of neighboring atoms. This inclues both ionic and covalent radii as well. A covalent radius is specifically referring to two atoms joined by a chemical bond while an ionic radius refers to the distance between neighboring ions in an ionic solid.

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Re: Atomic Radius

Postby KnarGeghamyan1B » Mon Oct 21, 2019 8:25 pm

The atomic radius is half the diameter of a neutral atom while the ionic radius pertains to the radius of the cation and anion in an ionic bond. They tend to be larger for anions and smaller for cations.

Sydney Myers 4I
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Re: Atomic Radius

Postby Sydney Myers 4I » Mon Oct 21, 2019 8:27 pm

One difference between atomic and covalent radii versus ionic radii is that when we measure an ionic radius, it's more complicated than simply dividing the distance between the nuclei of two atoms in the ionic bond because they are of different size. Also, the ionic radius of, for example, chlorine, will be different from its atomic radius because it has another electron and it will be larger.

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