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Hi can somebody please explain to me how you know the order when writing an electron configuration? For example, 1s, 2s, 2p....Is there a trick to remember the order? Also, how do you know how many electrons will fit in that orbital? Let me know if I have to clarify any parts of the question. Thank you :)
The 'trick' would probably just be having a copy of the periodic table handy, as if you know where the s- and p- blocks are, it is easy to see which subshells fill up before the others. Also, since the order is always the same, a bit of practice will make the order seem more intuitive, but you can always go back to the periodic table and count it out using the rows and columns. As for orbitals, there are ALWAYS only 2 electrons per orbital. This is part of the Pauli Exclusion Principle, because in each orbital, there is one electron with "spin up" and one with "spin down". The s subshell has 1 orbital, the p subshell has 3 orbitals (x, y, z), etc.
Yeah, look at the periodic table. But also, you can just know certain facts like when n = 1, there is only the s subshell. For n = 2, there is only the s and p subshell. for n = 3, there are s, p, and d subshells, and so on. And when writing electron configurations, you always write in the order of s, p, d, f
Hey the order of electron shell energy is difficult to understand. The only way that I can remember the order of the energy is with this chart. Follow the arrows from bottom to top and then return to the bottom of the next arrow.
- pertabord.gif (7.89 KiB) Viewed 220 times
Jorge Ramirez_4H wrote:What does he mean when he writes x, y, and z during electron configuration? Is that necessary?
x, y, and z represent the different orbital orientations. Some orbitals may be lined up along x axis, others along the y axis, and others along the z axis. The reason why you write x, y, or z is to specify the orbital orientation.
It's important that you memorize the different groups while looking at the periodic table. The lefthand side has the s groups, the middle the d groups, and the right side the p groups. Then, the constant that determines which orbital it is corresponds to the period # (for s and p groups) and period value -1 for the d group.
For me, I don't memorize the order I just have memorized the exceptions like when you get to Cr the D shell can have 10 electrons and Cu's 4s shell can only hold 1 electron. The main thing I try to do when finding electron configuration is to build up from the shells (counting the electrons) and to not get confused I just remember that the energy levels must go in increasing order which is why 3d shell comes before the 4s shell (n=3 for d and n=4 for s).
The way lavelle has us writing it is in order of which electrons will ionize last to the ones that'll ionize first which basically means you write the configuration in order of the principle quantum number which for this class means you need to know that 3d^10 would be listed before 4s^2 in an electron configuration.
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