Finding Valence Electrons

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aphung1E
Posts: 101
Joined: Sat Aug 24, 2019 12:15 am

Finding Valence Electrons

Postby aphung1E » Wed Oct 23, 2019 3:48 pm

How do you determine how many valence electrons an element has using the periodic table?

Alexis Webb 2B
Posts: 124
Joined: Thu Jul 11, 2019 12:15 am

Re: Finding Valence Electrons

Postby Alexis Webb 2B » Wed Oct 23, 2019 3:49 pm

The group number is the number of valence electrons.

Astrid Lunde 1I
Posts: 103
Joined: Sat Sep 07, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Finding Valence Electrons

Postby Astrid Lunde 1I » Wed Oct 23, 2019 3:54 pm

To find the number of valence electrons look at the group number, however this does not work for d block elements.

Subashni Rajiv 1K
Posts: 101
Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Finding Valence Electrons

Postby Subashni Rajiv 1K » Wed Oct 23, 2019 3:55 pm

Another way to remember this is that the noble gases are very stable therefore they have 8 valence electrons, the most stable configuration.

KaleenaJezycki_1I
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Re: Finding Valence Electrons

Postby KaleenaJezycki_1I » Wed Oct 23, 2019 4:16 pm

Valence electrons correspond to the elements group #

Leyna Dang 2H
Posts: 104
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Finding Valence Electrons

Postby Leyna Dang 2H » Wed Oct 23, 2019 4:36 pm

The number of valence electrons an element has corresponds with the group/ column it is under on the periodic table. For example, oxygen is in group 6 of the periodic table, therefore it has 6 valence electrons.

Hope this helps!

Osvaldo SanchezF -1H
Posts: 122
Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:21 am

Re: Finding Valence Electrons

Postby Osvaldo SanchezF -1H » Wed Oct 23, 2019 4:42 pm

Well the group number can tell you the number of valence electrons except for the D-block of the periodic table, here you actually make an effort in which you can either make the electron configuration to determine the valence electrons or simple see what is its last shell by determining what period it is. You can mathematically figure how many electrons it took to get up to its final shell and just subtract that from the total electrons the element has and that will be the number of valence electrons it has. I believe there is some exceptions though.

Hailey Kim 4G
Posts: 110
Joined: Sat Jul 20, 2019 12:16 am

Re: Finding Valence Electrons

Postby Hailey Kim 4G » Fri Oct 25, 2019 4:12 pm

An easy way to find the number of valence electrons an element has is to use the periodic table. The group number (column) represents the number of valence electrons, excluding the transition elements in groups 3-12.
Group 1 = 1 e-
Group 2 = 2 e-
Group 13 = 3 e-
Group 14 = 4 e-
Group 15 = 5 e-
and so on...

Julia Mazzucato 4D
Posts: 64
Joined: Fri Aug 30, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Finding Valence Electrons

Postby Julia Mazzucato 4D » Fri Oct 25, 2019 5:22 pm

If you want to be sure, you can think of the electron configuration for the outermost n level. So for an element where the highest energy level is n=2, you can count the number of electrons in the orbitals starting with 2 (in this case 2s and 2p) to get the VE number.


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