Symbols for partial charge

Jorja De Jesus 2C
Posts: 121
Joined: Sat Jul 20, 2019 12:15 am

Symbols for partial charge

Do $\delta$ and $-\delta$ represent partial charge? How do you know where to put these symbols and when? Also do the arrows ($\mapsto$) used along with these point from the negative to the positive?

Lauren Stack 1C
Posts: 100
Joined: Sat Aug 17, 2019 12:18 am

Re: Symbols for partial charge

The various delta symbols do in fact show a partial charge. If you think about a water molecule, the two hydrogens will have a delta positive and the oxygen will have a delta negative. The arrows point towards the negative atom. So the point of the arrow will go towards the oxygen in the case of water. If you think about it, it is the way the electrons are being pulled.

Wendy 1E
Posts: 111
Joined: Sat Aug 17, 2019 12:17 am
Been upvoted: 2 times

Re: Symbols for partial charge

The symbols represent partial charge. The negative partial charge goes on the most electronegative atom in a molecule, while the positive charge goes on the other atom. The dipole moments, which represent the arrows used, point from a positive partial charge to a negative partial charge (towards the most electronegative atom). To remember this, the + side of the arrow represents where a positive partial charge is, while the side that the arrow is pointing to represents where a negative partial charge is.

Simon Dionson 4I
Posts: 107
Joined: Sat Sep 14, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Symbols for partial charge

∂+ and ∂- represent partial charges due to difference in electronegavities. A dipole is indicated by ∂+ --> ∂-

Shail Avasthi 2C
Posts: 101
Joined: Fri Aug 30, 2019 12:17 am

Re: Symbols for partial charge

The +/- delta symbols represent partial positive and partial negative. The +-----> arrow points in the direction of the negative end of the dipole, with the "cross" end of the arrow towards the positive end of the dipole.