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Can hybridization be done for atoms with shapes that aren't linear, trigonal planar, tetrahedral, trigonal bipyramidal, or octahedral? For example, can atoms with bent, seesaw, etc. shapes have a hybridization? If not, why?
Atoms with lone pairs can be hybridized, such as the example NH3 that Dr. Lavelle gave in class. This is because the final hybridization state must reflect the number of electron density regions around the central atom, which includes any lone pairs. Going back to the NH3 example, the two lone pairs on the N are reflected in the hybridization state sp3, but there is a full suborbital with a pair of electrons.
Yes, this can happen. The number of electron density regions equals the number of hybrid orbitals created. However, the lone pairs would be already-paired electrons in these hybrid orbitals. The unpaired electrons, on the other hand, are responsible for forming bonds with the orbitals of other atoms.
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