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Why is carbon's hybridization 2sp3 if there are only 2 electrons present in the 2p orbital? I know carbon has 4 valance electrons, 2 from the filled up 2s2 orbital and then the remaining 2 from the 2p level as to give it the 1s2 2s2 2p2 configuration so why then is its hybridization listed as 2sp^3? I may be misunderstanding a simple concept here but im a bit confused on how to do the naming I guess. Any help would be appreciated, thanks!
Carbon does not always have sp3. The trick I use to calculate hybridization is that I count the number of electron densities around the atom. If there is two electron densities, then hybridzation is sp. If there is three, then sp2. If there is four, then sp3. If there is five then, dsp3. If there is six, then d2sp3. I hope you can see the pattern, and I hope this helps.
Hybridization is an experimentally determined concept to explain why carbon can make four bonds. Since we know carbon can make four bonds, hybridization was developed as a model to explain how this happens. We invoke hybridization when we see that carbon forms 4 bonds.
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