## Charge of oxygen

MaryBanh_2K
Posts: 101
Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:21 am

### Charge of oxygen

Will the charge of O2 always be -2 even if it stands alone? Can someone explain the charges of different kinds of oxygen such as O and O3 and up?

Jaci Glassick 2G
Posts: 104
Joined: Sat Jul 20, 2019 12:16 am

### Re: Charge of oxygen

My TA said that for the purposes of this class, it is safe to assume that the charge of O2 will always be 2-. As for ozone, I'm pretty sure the charge is 0.

Gerald Bernal1I
Posts: 102
Joined: Thu Jul 11, 2019 12:16 am

### Re: Charge of oxygen

The oxidation state of oxygen will always be -2.

Sanjana Borle 2K
Posts: 111
Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:15 am

### Re: Charge of oxygen

Yeah, my TA also said that you can assume that the charge of Oxygen is -2. Using this known value we can use it to find the oxidation numbers of other elements.

Betania Hernandez 2E
Posts: 107
Joined: Fri Aug 02, 2019 12:15 am

### Re: Charge of oxygen

The oxidation state of O2 will be -2 even if it stands alone. For O3, the oxidation state will be 0. Oxygen is sometimes -1 such as peroxides, H2O2, since hydrogen has an oxidation state of +1

Orrin Zhong 4G
Posts: 51
Joined: Sat Jul 20, 2019 12:16 am

### Re: Charge of oxygen

Holdup... isn't the oxidation state of O2 equal to zero? O2 has two oxygens, which means that they both have the same electronegativity and as a result, they share the electrons equally among themselves. Therefore the oxygen should not have gained electrons from itself. The oxidation numbers of pure elements (such as O3) is zero since the electrons aren't pulled to one atom specifically due to their equal electronegativities. Oxygen in a compound with different atoms will have an oxidation state of -2 (except for peroxides) since it likes electrons more than the other atoms in the compound.

Michelle Song 1I
Posts: 102
Joined: Thu Jul 11, 2019 12:17 am

### Re: Charge of oxygen

Shouldn't the oxidation state of oxygen in O2 be zero?

Nuoya Jiang
Posts: 99
Joined: Sat Sep 14, 2019 12:17 am

### Re: Charge of oxygen

The oxidation number of oxygen would probably always be 2.

Wendy 1E
Posts: 111
Joined: Sat Aug 17, 2019 12:17 am
Been upvoted: 2 times

### Re: Charge of oxygen

The oxidation number of oxygen is usually 2-, except in peroxides where it is 1- and ozone where it is 0.

Jasmine Kim 1L
Posts: 71
Joined: Fri Aug 02, 2019 12:16 am

### Re: Charge of oxygen

In most gases, such as H2 or O2, I'm pretty sure the oxidation number is 0, or else it would be shown having a charge.

Ellis Song 4I
Posts: 102
Joined: Thu Jul 11, 2019 12:17 am

### Re: Charge of oxygen

I believe we can assume that the oxidation number for Oxygen will be -2 and for Hydrogen it will be +1

Posts: 103
Joined: Sat Aug 17, 2019 12:18 am

### Re: Charge of oxygen

Yes, we can assume the oxidation number of oxygen is -2 when it stands alone.

Anish Natarajan 4G
Posts: 51
Joined: Thu Jul 25, 2019 12:16 am

### Re: Charge of oxygen

The charge in this case will be 0 since Oxygen in this form is in a diatomic molecule.

005206171
Posts: 107
Joined: Wed Sep 18, 2019 12:20 am

### Re: Charge of oxygen

I believe O2 and hydrogen peroxide are some exceptions to Oxygen’s -2 rule

preyasikumar_2L
Posts: 101
Joined: Fri Aug 09, 2019 12:17 am

### Re: Charge of oxygen

Michelle Song 1I wrote:Shouldn't the oxidation state of oxygen in O2 be zero?

The oxidation state of each individual oxygen in compounds that have other elements of different electronegativity is -2, except in peroxides where it's -1. In O2, where there's no polarity in the bonds shared due to the fact that both oxygen atoms have the same electronegativity, the average oxidation state would be 0.

(It is possible but most likely unlikely that you are thinking of the standard enthalpy of formation of O2, which is 0 because that is in its standard state.)

205405339
Posts: 77
Joined: Thu Jul 11, 2019 12:16 am

### Re: Charge of oxygen

at least from previous classes I took, it is usually safe to assume that O2 will have a -2 charge