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Familiarize yourself with the LEO (loss of electron, oxidization) and GER (gains electrons, reduction) acronyms, they help identify what is being reduced and oxidized. From there you also have to know that the species that is being reduced in the 'oxidizing agent' and the one being oxidized is the 'reducing agent'.
In an oxidation half reaction, electrons are found on the product side of the equation and the oxidation number of the species being oxidized (called the reducing agent) increases. In a reduction reaction, electrons are found on the reactant side of the equation and the oxidation number of the species being reduced (called the oxidizing agent) decreases.
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