The Octet

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The Octet

Postby Nasir_Ahmed » Fri Oct 14, 2016 5:55 pm

Is there any way for an atom to have more than 8 valence electrons? Would that make it insanely unstable?

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Re: The Octet

Postby Olivia_Chen_3E » Fri Oct 14, 2016 6:11 pm

I think some elements can have more than 8 electrons. I know that sulfur and phosphorus sometimes have expanded octets but there might be more that I don't know about.

Laine Gruver 3C
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Re: The Octet

Postby Laine Gruver 3C » Fri Oct 14, 2016 6:53 pm

I only just looked this up on wikipedia, so someone please correct me if I'm wrong, but it says that the formula is that the nth shell can hold up to 2(n^2) electrons, so that would mean it is possible to have more than 8 valence electrons.

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Re: The Octet

Postby Katherine_Zhuo_3B » Tue Oct 18, 2016 11:38 am

Elements that are exceptions to the octet rule include P, S, Cl. This is because they are located in period 3 on the periodic table, meaning that they have l= 0,1,2. This corresponds to the s, p, and d orbitals. Hence, in their valence shell, they have d-orbitals that can accomadate additional e-. The octet rule stems from the format of the orbitals s2p6.

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