sec and tert

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Caitlin Dillon 3G
Posts: 26
Joined: Wed Sep 21, 2016 2:56 pm

sec and tert

Postby Caitlin Dillon 3G » Sun Mar 05, 2017 4:58 pm

Are the prefixes 'sec' and 'tert' only for the butyl substituent? I don't know when to use them

Ara Yazaryan 1E
Posts: 44
Joined: Wed Sep 21, 2016 2:59 pm

Re: sec and tert

Postby Ara Yazaryan 1E » Sun Mar 05, 2017 5:38 pm

I don't believe we will be using the term "sec" quite yet. "Tert" is for when the carbons are perpendicularly arranged in a cross-shape, so you need a minimum of 4 carbons (Butyl).

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Re: sec and tert

Postby Rachel_Prescott_2M » Sun Mar 05, 2017 5:46 pm

sec- and tert- are commonly used for naming substituents. Sec- stands for secondary which means the carbon that the functional group is attached to is also attached to 2 other carbons and tert- stands for tertiary which means the carbon is attached to 3 other carbons. I think this applies mostly just to butyl because all the examples I've seen have only involved butyl but I'm not 100% sure... hope this helped though!

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