Hydrogen Electronegativity

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Tia Tomescu 2D
Posts: 42
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:06 am

Hydrogen Electronegativity

Postby Tia Tomescu 2D » Wed Nov 08, 2017 1:41 pm

Why does hydrogen have a relatively high electronegativity?

Gianna Apoderado 1B
Posts: 57
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:04 am

Re: Hydrogen Electronegativity

Postby Gianna Apoderado 1B » Wed Nov 08, 2017 1:52 pm

From what I understand, hydrogen has relatively high electronegativity, especially compared to the other elements in its group, due to only having one electron in its 1s shell. Atoms are more stable and "happiest" with a full shell, so hydrogen has a higher tendency to attract an electron to itself (electronegativity), since it only needs one more electron to fill that 1s shell.

Annalise Eder 2L
Posts: 49
Joined: Sat Jul 22, 2017 3:01 am

Re: Hydrogen Electronegativity

Postby Annalise Eder 2L » Sun Nov 12, 2017 10:19 am

Hydrogen does not take a full octet. It has a half filled 1s orbital and only wants one more electron. Therefore it has high electronegativity.

Scott Chin_1E
Posts: 55
Joined: Sat Jul 22, 2017 3:00 am

Re: Hydrogen Electronegativity

Postby Scott Chin_1E » Sun Nov 12, 2017 11:14 am

Because Hydrogen does not take an octet (as mentioned above) and it forms a 1+ ion (thus taking a max of 2 valence electrons), Hydrogen will be more willing to complete its unstable 1s shell rather than lose it (because it can't otherwise it wouldn't be an element). And because of this character, it will have a hight electronegativity.

Rachel Formaker 1E
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Re: Hydrogen Electronegativity

Postby Rachel Formaker 1E » Sun Nov 12, 2017 10:18 pm

In addition, hydrogen is a very small atom, so its nuclear charge has a strong pull on the electrons in a bond. There is also very little to no shielding because hydrogen only has one electron, so the effective nuclear charge felt by the electron is very high.

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