## Homework Problem 3.87

Amanda Hagen 1L
Posts: 26
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:04 am

### Homework Problem 3.87

Can someone please explain why CF4 has the shortest bond out of CF4, CCl4, and CBr4? I understand that it is the strongest because it is the shortest, however, I'm not sure how to determine that it has the shortest bond.

Alex Leve 3F
Posts: 20
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:07 am

### Re: Homework Problem 3.87

You know the relative lengths of the bonds because you know the relative electronegativities. F is more electronegative than Cl and Br, and therefore it will bring the electrons as close to it as possible, forming a shorter, stronger bond.

aTirumalai-1I
Posts: 55
Joined: Thu Jul 27, 2017 3:00 am
Been upvoted: 1 time

### Re: Homework Problem 3.87

CF4 has the shortest bond because F is the most electronegative among F, Cl, and Br. This basically means that F pulls on its surrounding electrons with more strength than Cl or Br can, making it so that in CF4, the atoms are all very close together (aka short bond lengths).

Emilie Hoffman 1E
Posts: 55
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:04 am

### Re: Homework Problem 3.87

Could someone explain in another way because the solution book specifically points that the electronegativity of CF4 would predict a weakest bond for CF4.

Emily Oren 3C
Posts: 50
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:07 am

### Re: Homework Problem 3.87

F is the smallest atom among F, Cl, and Br, meaning that the internuclear distance between the fluorine and carbon would be the smallest even while ignoring any effects by the relative electronegativities. This means the F-C bond is the shortest of the three.

Joshua Hughes 1L
Posts: 81
Joined: Sat Jul 22, 2017 3:01 am
Been upvoted: 3 times

### Re: Homework Problem 3.87

Wait I'm also am a bit confused on the solutions manual's explanation. I still don't understand why the book would say that "electronegativity and polarity arguments would predict C- F bonds to be the weakest"? To me, the reasoning provided above about F being the most electronegative and being overall a smaller atom makes sense as to why the bonds would be shorter and stronger.

### Who is online

Users browsing this forum: No registered users and 9 guests