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The defining characteristic of amphiprotic compounds is that they can accept or donate protons depending on the chemical environment. If exposed to a strong base, it will act as an acid and donate a proton. If exposed to a strong acid, it will act as a base and accept a proton.
Amphiprotic compounds are generally made with an element that is a metalloid. Similar to how a metalloid can act like a metal or a nonmetal, compounds that are amphiprotic can act as an acid or a base depending on the overall environment.
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