Question 3b on the test

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Fenared Ortiz 3K
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Joined: Wed Nov 16, 2016 3:03 am

Question 3b on the test

Postby Fenared Ortiz 3K » Fri Feb 02, 2018 1:41 pm

The question stated :
A balloon filled with gas is expanded to a larger volume and lower pressure while maintaining the same temperature.

I was confused on how to Approach this question, is heat being transferred?

Andy Nguyen 1A
Posts: 56
Joined: Thu Jul 27, 2017 3:00 am

Re: Question 3b on the test

Postby Andy Nguyen 1A » Fri Feb 02, 2018 2:07 pm

Since the system is isothermal, we know that the change in internal energy is 0. So q+w=0, and q=-w. Since the balloon is expanding its volume against a changing pressure, work is being done. This also means that the energy lost during work is gained as heat, because the internal energy must stay 0. So heat is transfered in the system.

Christine Wastila 1H
Posts: 61
Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:04 am

Re: Question 3b on the test

Postby Christine Wastila 1H » Sat Feb 03, 2018 12:24 pm

The question asked if work was done. We know this is true for this situation because W=-PdeltaV. Since the volume of the balloon decreased, deltaV is negative, which shows that work was done on the system (the balloon).

Cristina Sarmiento 1E
Posts: 52
Joined: Wed Nov 16, 2016 3:02 am

Re: Question 3b on the test

Postby Cristina Sarmiento 1E » Sat Feb 03, 2018 1:57 pm

The isothermal reaction tells us that internal energy is equal to 0, which means q = -w. Since the temperature stayed constant while there was work being done, we know that there was a heat transfer from the surroundings into the system to maintain the temperature.

Sarah 2F
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Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:06 am

Re: Question 3b on the test

Postby Sarah 2F » Mon Feb 05, 2018 2:48 pm

Temperature is increasing because the volume and pressure is changing in the balloon. The temperature may be the same but because of the change in P and V a little bit goes in and out so the temperature in the end is no change.

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