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If you happened to know the exact electronegativity values of the two elements that you are comparing, then you would not need to use the trend. However, if you do not know the values, then the trend is very helpful.
While this doesn't concern the entire periodic table, remembering that most of the noble gases have no electronegativity because they have a full valence shell of electrons, thus are not likely to add or don't want another electron to accept. Otherwise, knowing the trend is really helpful.
It would be helpful to know that Halogens and elements like Oxygen and Sulfur tend to have high electronegativity values than that of metals. This is because metals tend to lose electrons to form cations while nonmetals tend to want to gain one, two, or three more electrons to complete their octet because it takes less energy to gain 1, 2 or 3 more electrons rather than losing 5, 6, or 7 electrons.
In my opinion knowing the trend is the easiest way to remember the electronegativity of different elements. An easy trick for that is just learning the atomic radius trend and knowing that everything else is the opposite! The only exception there is for the last group of elements because their valence shells are full they don't want more electrons.
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