## basics of hybridization

$sp, sp^{2}, sp^{3}, dsp^{3}, d^{2}sp^{3}$

annie_finneran_1K
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Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:02 am

### basics of hybridization

I am a bit confused on hybridization. can anyone direct me to a video or give an explanation of what it is and how to solve problems involving it? thank you :)

Posts: 31
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:03 am

### Re: basics of hybridization

Assuming you are referring to hybridization in relation to chemical bonds, the following is a link to the first of a series of chemistry videos on hybridization and hybrid orbitals on Khan Academy: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-bonds/copy-of-covalent-bonds/v/sp3-hybrid-orbital-jay-final. It uses the same example as we did in class.

danielruiz1G
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### Re: basics of hybridization

If you want more practice with hybridization I think this explains it pretty well.
https://youtu.be/4xl0BD-tMeA

Caroline Crotty 1D
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Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:02 am

### Re: basics of hybridization

Hybridization is related to the valence bond theory and is used to influence molecular geometry and bonding properties based off of how atomic orbitals are fused to form newly hybridized orbitals.

Alexander Hari 1L
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Joined: Wed Feb 14, 2018 3:02 am

### Re: basics of hybridization

I found this video pretty helpful, in case anyone else needs further explanation on hybridization: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vyT5YF4UEy0

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Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:04 am

### Re: basics of hybridization

In conjunction with hybridization, I am confused as to why we denote elements molecules with notation such as sp^2, on the basis of its lone pair & type of bond it shares? What does this notation serve to inform viewers of, other than clutter up a Lewis drawing with more information?

Vivian Gonzalez 1A
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### Re: basics of hybridization

How do we know when to apply hybridization?

FizaBaloch1J
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### Re: basics of hybridization

Basically, hybridization results from orbital overlap. To figure out the hybridization of an atom, you basically count the "things" (atoms and lone pairs only) surrounding an atom-- not including the central atom.

So if there are 2 things surrounding a central atom then its sp.
3 things- sp2
4 things- sp3

princessturner1G
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### Re: basics of hybridization

When do you use hybridization and what is the main point of it?

juliaschreib1A
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### Re: basics of hybridization

1. Draw the lewis structure of an atom.
2. Count the number of lone pairs.
3. Count the number of bond (a double bond and a triple bond count as 1 bond in this case).
4. Add up #2 and #3 and that gives you a number.
5. The number found in #4 corresponds to hybridization.
For example, 2=SP, 3=SP^2, 4=SP^3

Neha Divi 1K
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### Re: basics of hybridization

Hybridization is the concept of mixing atomic orbitals into new hybrid orbitals suitable for the pairing of electrons to form chemical bonds in the valence bond theory. The hybrid orbitals allow one to explain the molecular geometry and atomic bonding properties.

Kate Manganaro 1F
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Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:03 am

### Re: basics of hybridization

Hello!
I'm assuming you have a basic understanding of hybrid orbitals from the various links that other students have provided. With this assumption, I will explain a little about the way I think of things. First, I count the regions of electron density around the central atom. After doing this, you can decide how many hybrid orbitals there are. For example, 2=sp, 3=sp^2, 4=sp^3, 5=sp^3d, 6=sp^3d^2.
Hope this helps :)

BriannaParrington-1B
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Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:04 am

### Re: basics of hybridization

juliaschreib1A wrote:1. Draw the lewis structure of an atom.
2. Count the number of lone pairs.
3. Count the number of bond (a double bond and a triple bond count as 1 bond in this case).
4. Add up #2 and #3 and that gives you a number.
5. The number found in #4 corresponds to hybridization.
For example, 2=SP, 3=SP^2, 4=SP^3

I find this to be very helpful and easy to remember! Thank you!

204929947
Posts: 76
Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:03 am

### Re: basics of hybridization

Jada Larson 1F wrote:Assuming you are referring to hybridization in relation to chemical bonds, the following is a link to the first of a series of chemistry videos on hybridization and hybrid orbitals on Khan Academy: https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-bonds/copy-of-covalent-bonds/v/sp3-hybrid-orbital-jay-final. It uses the same example as we did in class.

Thankyou for this !!!!

Amanda 1A
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Joined: Fri Apr 06, 2018 11:01 am

### Re: basics of hybridization

also, the only options for hybridization are sp (2 groups), sp^2 (3 groups), sp^3 (4 groups), sp^3d (5 groups), sp^3d^2(6 groups).

Alicia Beebe
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### Re: basics of hybridization

I understand how to calculate hybridization, but I don't understand what it means. Can anyone help?

Jocelyn Fermin1J
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### Re: basics of hybridization

Alicia Beebe wrote:I understand how to calculate hybridization, but I don't understand what it means. Can anyone help?

A simple way you can think of Hybridization is where two orbitals are coming together to create a new atomic orbital to fit all the number of electrons. In terms of the final, I believe Lavelle will clearly say what is the hybridization of the central atom in ______ Lewis structure.

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### Re: basics of hybridization

I found this video extremely helpful in explaining how to determine the hybridization of orbitals in a molecule.

Alondra Juarez section 1E
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Joined: Fri Sep 29, 2017 7:03 am

### Re: basics of hybridization

One thing I found helpful for hybridization is basically if its 1-attachment= S , 2-attachment= SP , 3-attachment=sp^(2), 4-attachment= sp^(3), 5-attachment= SP^(3)D, 6--attachment = SP^(3)D^(2).