7th edition 4F.11


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7th edition 4F.11

Postby paytonm1H » Mon Feb 11, 2019 9:41 am

In this question, it asks you to calculate net change in entropy for a change in volume and temperature, but you aren't given the moles of gas. It tells you to assume ideal behavior (P=1.00atm), and the answer key also says to assume 1 mol of gas. Is this always true for gas at ideal behavior?

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Re: 7th edition 4F.11

Postby Chem_Mod » Mon Feb 11, 2019 4:11 pm

Hello, can you please post the full text of the question from the book for better reference?

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Re: 7th edition 4F.11

Postby Theodore_Herring_1A » Mon Feb 11, 2019 4:59 pm

The full question is,

"During the test of an internal combustion engine, 3.00 L of nitrogen gas at 18.5°C was compressed suddenly (and irreversibly) to 0.500 L by driving in a piston. In the process, the temperature of the gas increased to 28.1°C. Assume ideal behavior. What is the change in entropy of the gas?".

The answer key shows using the formula: deltaS = nRln(T2/T1), rather than: deltaS = n(R*5/2)ln(T2/T1). Can we use this formula?

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Re: 7th edition 4F.11

Postby tierra parker 1J » Tue Feb 12, 2019 1:36 pm

i don't think you can use that equation with the 5/2R because the pressure isn't constant. since it's a compression if volume decrease then pressure increases

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